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About the wine of Szekszárd in general



The real flagship of the viticulture of Szekszárd is the red wine. The characteristic acid content of the full-bodied red wines (also popular abroad) - despite the lack of natural soil conditions - is guaranteed by the natural tunnid acid content of the cultivated wines and the fermentation in the skin of prapes. The typical wine types are: cabernet sauvignon, cabernet franc, kékfrankos, merlot, rarely zweigelt and oporto. Beside the full-bodied, fiery, rich in alcohol and tannin- nearly black- red wines, the mild, fresh but high content rosés are popular of late century.

Kadarka is worth mentioning, the grape, which made Szekszárd so famous. It is a beautiful, ruby-red wine of special bouquet with low acid content.

The full-bodied Bull?s Blood of Szekszárd with high alcohol content is a "cuvée", from the marriage of 2-3 types of wine. The receipts of some viticulturists are still secret. According to the Hungarian Wine Act the only town, beside Eger,to use the name Bull?s Blood. As the name originates from Garay János it was first used here and later in Eger.


The synthesis of different wines in Szekszárd wine country



The special literature mentions 3 periods in the formation of synthesis of different wines. The first took until the phylloxera disaster in 1875. The mass wine-grapes types marked the era. These were cultivated by hand, they brought enough grapes by bald and short pruning as well. These types were: "szlankamenka", "dinka", "bakator", "mézesfehér", "lisztesfehér", "rakszőlő, "járdovány", "csókaszőlő".


After the phylloxera disaster, not only the plant protection came to front and strengthened, but the modern vine-growing methods gained ground: ploughing the soil before planting and the change in synthesis of different wines owing to consolidating stock and row cultivation. The poor quality types, but flexible to short pruning, got into unfavourable situation. The symetry of kadarka wine was the highest beside kékoportó, kékfrankos, medoc noir, cabernet sauvignon, cabernet franc.,Olasz riesling took the lead among white wines, riesling of Bánát, riesling of Reine, tramini, decsi szagos, mézesfehér, red szlankamenka and ezerjó coloured the variety. Dessert grapes were cultivated to meals. The third period started at World War II. and still goes on nowadays. This can be divided into several sections. The first one is seeking ways and means until 1963, then the large-scale vine-growing until 1990, then the radical changes happened in ownership, family cellars were formed.


It can be told that the age of plantations was flavourable, the row space, the most suitable to local conditions, (300-350 cm) was established. And the Moser?s . Wine-grapes types was changed again by the new cultivation methods: frost-hardy, early ripening types had the leading role.  In the wine country the rate was: 63% (847 hectares) of red wine-grapes, 28% of white wine-grapes and 9% of other dessert wine-grapes

 

Red wine-grapes

White wine-grapes

  • Kékfrankos
Kékfrankos
  • Italian riesling
Olaszrizling
  • Zweigelt
Zweigelt
  • Rieslingszilváni
Rizlingszilváni
  • Merlot     
Merlot
  • Chardonnay
Chardonnay
  • Cabernet franc
  • Rhine riesling
Rajnai rizling
  • Kadarka
  • Tramini
Tramini
  • Cabernet sauvignon
Cabernet sauvignon
  •  Green veltelini
 
  • Pinot noir 
Pinot noir  

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